Pigmentation is a clear sign of photoaging. But age spots also affect young skin. An uneven complexion affects aesthetics and can signal serious malfunctions in the body. People of any age should know what pigmentation is and how to deal with it.
All about pigmentation:
Fashion is changing. But the trend for nourished, good-looking, healthy skin always remains. Pigment spots, which cannot be masked even with a foundation, do not fit into the aesthetics of the skin. There is only one solution – the fight against it.
What is pigmentation?
Pigmentation manifests itself in different ways – from classic freckles to age spots. And the effect of ultraviolet radiation is to blame.
To protect itself from the harmful effects of the sun’s rays, which damage cells, the skin produces the pigment melanin. It prevents overheating of cells and unexpected mutations caused by ultraviolet radiation.
Normally, melanin is evenly distributed throughout the entire skin, and as the exposure to ultraviolet radiation increases, its concentration increases – the skin acquires a tan tint.
If more melanin is produced than necessary, it accumulates in the skin, forming age spots. The deeper the melanin sinks into the skin, the more visible the blemishes and the more difficult it is to remove them.
The fight against pigmentation is relevant for the age of 30+. Over the years, the activity of melanocytes decreases, the skin becomes more sensitive and receptive to sunlight. By the age of 40, melanocytes are unevenly distributed over the skin, which provokes the appearance of age spots. Every year, the process of cell regeneration slows down, and pigmentation becomes more stable.
What causes pigmentation?
There are several factors that provoke the appearance of pigment spots:
-Genetics. The skin of people of the first phototype from birth is covered with many freckles. Under the influence of sunlight, the number of pigment spots only increases.
-Ultraviolet. Those who like to sunbathe in direct sunlight will not be saved by sunscreen. Ultraviolet activates melanocytes and provokes the formation of atypical cells. Pigment spots due to excessive tanning can appear even after a few years.
-Hormones. Pregnancy, menopause, disorders of the endocrine system, taking hormonal drugs lead to the appearance of pigment spots. Pigmentation occurs due to an imbalance of estrogen and progesterone. Therefore, women are more prone to blemishes on the skin than men.
-Age. Over the years, the skin becomes more susceptible to ultraviolet light and external factors. As a result, pigment spots form on the skin and body.
-Skin damage. Pigmentation can be caused by trauma to the skin, acne rash, use of irritants, etc.
Where pigmentation can appear
The manifestation of skin pigmentation is highly dependent on solar insolation. It is the rays that are the main trigger that triggers its formation. There are no areas of skin on the body that do not have melanin (with the exception of albinism), so hyperpigmentation can occur anywhere. Most of all, the skin of the face and neck is exposed to this, especially in the summer.
How to start pigmentation treatment?
The causes and treatment of facial pigmentation are two interrelated concepts. To get rid of age spots, first of all, it is necessary to establish their nature.
Often, age spots are a reflection of the internal state of the body. Therefore, the fight against pigmentation should be comprehensive.
Pigmented spots can signal asymptomatic diseases. Methods of combating pigmentation are not only cosmetic procedures, but also a balanced diet, a healthy lifestyle. Pigmentation treatment should be started by consulting an experienced dermatologist.
What is the most effective anti-pigmentation treatment?
Effective anti-pigmentation products – professional cosmetic procedures. But to maintain the result, proper home care is essential. Cosmetic anti-pigmentation products will maintain the effect of salon procedures for a long time and prevent the appearance of new spots.
Special attention to prevention:
-minimum exposure to direct sunlight
-systemic skin care
The most effective anti-pigmentation methods work in several ways:
-exfoliation of keratinised epidermis (phototherapy, lasers, peels)
-decrease in the production of melanin (mesotherapy)
What are the ways to fight pigmentation on the face?
Treatments for facial pigmentation are safe and painless. But anti-pigmentation therapy should be carried out in the autumn-winter period, since after the procedures the skin becomes even more sensitive to the influence of ultraviolet radiation.
Treatment of pigmentation on the face is carried out in a complex manner, using several procedures at once. This option will give the best result in the fight against age spots.
The pigmentation control program consists of three main steps:
-exfoliation of the layer of the epidermis that contains pigment
-normalisation of melanin synthesis
-protection of the skin from ultraviolet radiation
The appearance of pigmentation is a red flag, but do not despair. With the right specialist, care and perseverance you can easily solve this problem. Just make sure to contact a dermatologist on time, be persistent and take care of yourself. Good luck.